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Healthcare online Keeping you up-to-date
VOL.  16     ISSUE:  1  January  2018 Medical Services Department

SQUARE Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

Features

EDITORIAL TEAM

OMAR AKRAMUR RAB

MBBS, FCGP, FIAGP,

P G Dip. Business Management

MAHFUZUR RAHMAN

MBBS, MBA

Md. Saiful Alam

MBBS, MPH

EDITORIAL

Dear Doctor,

Happy New Year 2018 !

Welcome to our online healthcare bulletin e- SQUARE.

In this issue, we focused on some interesting features like -
"Workout & Breast CA !
", "Drinking & Liver Disease !", "Severe Flu !", "Inherited IQ !",  "Wintry Weather !", "Teens & Smartphone !".

In our regular feature, we have some products information of SQUARE Pharmaceuticals Ltd. as well.

Please send your feedback !  We always value your comments !

On behalf of the management of SQUARE, we wish you all a very happy, healthy and prosperous life.

Click on to reply mode.

Yours sincerely,

 

Editorial Team

Reply Mode      : e-square@squaregroup.com

The views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect those of its editor or SQUARE Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

 Workout & Breast CA !

Workouts May Boost Life Span After Breast Cancer

Longer survival after breast cancer may be as simple as staying fit, new research shows. In the new study, regular exercise appeared to reduce breast cancer survivors' risk of heart disease, diabetes and possibly even the odds for breast cancer's return. One breast cancer specialist said the findings should give survivors hope. A common question asked by patients who have recently completed treatment is, what could be done to prevent this from happening again? said by lead researcher. We now have one more very well done study that supports the idea that exercise as opposed to weight loss alone is very important in preventing breast cancer recurrences, lead researcher added. Lead researcher tracked outcomes for 100 breast cancer survivors who'd received cancer treatment less than six months before entering the study. Nearly half of the participants were obese and 77 percent had developed metabolic syndrome. That's a group of health conditions - high blood pressure, excessive body fat and high blood fat levels that raises a person's odds for heart disease. Many people don't know the No. 1 cause of death for breast cancer survivors is heart disease, not cancer. In breast cancer patients, metabolic syndrome is exacerbated by obesity, a sedentary lifestyle and receipt of chemotherapy. In fact, women with metabolic syndrome are 17 percent more likely to develop a breast cancer, three times more likely to have breast cancer recurrence, and twice as likely to die from breast cancer, compared to women without the syndrome. In the new study, women were randomly assigned to either a non-exercise group or to a group that undertook three one-on-one exercise sessions each week for four months. The workout program included resistance training with weights as well as moderate-intensity aerobic exercise. At the end of the four months, rates of metabolic syndrome were 80 percent in the non-exercising group, but they'd dropped to just 15 percent in the exercise group, the findings showed. In addition, the women in the exercise group lost fat, gained muscle and reduced their risk of heart disease, the lead researcher reported. Also, among those in the exercise group, blood pressure levels fell by 10 percent and blood levels of cholesterol rose by 50 percent. And while the study couldn't prove that regular workouts might thwart cancer's return, she said the theory makes sense. Exercise promotes changes in our bodies that go beyond how we look, and make all of our cells and organs happier so that we can remain cancer free.

SOURCE: HealthDay News, January 2018

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 Drinking & Liver Disease !

                                                     Teen Drinking Ups Risk for Liver Disease Later  

Men who started drinking in their teens are at increased risk for liver disease, lead researcher report. This study showed that how much drink in late teens can predict the risk of developing cirrhosis later in life. The finding comes from an analysis of data on more than 49,000 men in Sweden who entered military service in 1969-1970, when they were 18 to 20 years old. Over the next 39 years, 383 of the men developed cirrhosis and other types of severe liver disease. Some developed liver failure or died from liver disease. Drinking during the late teen years was associated with an increased risk for liver disease. The association was mostly seen in young men who drank two drinks a day or more, the lead researcher found. The findings indicate that guidelines for safe levels of alcohol consumption by men may need to be reconsidered. Current U.S. guidelines recommend no more than two drinks a day for men. The lead researcher said some countries recommend no more than three drinks a day for men to avoid alcoholic liver disease. However, what can be considered a safe cutoff in men is less clear. If these results lead to lowering the cutoff levels for a 'safe' consumption of alcohol in men, and if men adhere to recommendations, a reduced incidence of alcoholic liver disease in the future. The researchers noted that their findings apply only to men. Alcohol-related liver cirrhosis causes 493,000 deaths a year worldwide, according to the World Health Organization.

SOURCE: HealthDay News, January 2018

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 Severe Flu !

                                            Severe Flu Cases Just Keep Rising: CDC

An already bad U.S. flu season hasn't peaked yet, with the numbers of related hospitalizations and deaths continuing to rise. Influenza - including the virulent H3N2 strain - remains widespread across every state except Hawaii, according to a weekly update released by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The agency said cases of flu-linked pneumonias and deaths remain above the "epidemic threshold," as the nation's emergency rooms continue to crowd with flu patients. Flu-linked hospitalization rates continue to rise -- from 13.7 per 100,000 people two weeks ago; to 22.7 last week; and to 31.5 per 100,000 people in the latest weekly report. Flu patients over 65 are most prone to needing hospital care, the report finds, but rates are high for people between the ages of 50 and 64. The youngest Americans are also among those at highest risk. Thirty infants or small children have already died from flu this season, with 10 of these tragedies occurring over the latest week of reporting, the CDC said. And the end to all this misery may be far off: The flu season is expected to last for another 12 weeks. Still, the American Lung Association says there are things people can do to avoid being stricken by the virus. The flu is more than just 'a bad cold.' It's a serious respiratory illness that's easily spread from person to person, usually when the person with the flu coughs or sneezes," said by lead researcher. Other vulnerable people include those with weakened immune systems, and the very old and the very young. Even though this year's vaccine isn't a perfect match for the viruses in circulation, it's still the best way to protect against infection. And some protection is better than none. Flu season may not end until May. The flu shot will remain effective for roughly six months. Anyone 6 months or older who still hasn't been immunized should get a flu shot. People who develop flu-like symptoms should see a doctor right away. Antiviral medications can help ease the effects of the virus, but these drugs are most effective if taken within 48 hours of getting sick. Warning signs of the flu include: high fever, headache, joint or muscle pain, cough, chills, sore throat, congestion and fatigue. If someone gets the flu, take steps to prevent passing the infection onto others. Sick people should cover mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. Hands should be washed frequently. People should avoid touching their eyes, nose or mouth, particularly if hands aren't clean. Be sure to disinfect possibly contaminated surfaces and objects. Anyone with the flu should stay home and not go to work or school for about a week. Once flu symptoms appear, people are contagious for five to seven days.

SOURCE: HealthDay News, January 2018

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Inherited IQ !

                                                        Inherited IQ Can Increase in Early Childhood

Those are the findings of Rutgers University psychologists, based on an integrative review of recent studies on the nature of human intelligence. Their study is published in the December issue of the Psychological Bulletin, a journal of the American Psychological Association. Genetic influences don't run the show, nor do environmental effects. It's the genetic-environmental interplay that is the ringmaster, said the lead researcher. The study, the researchers say, has significant implications for the way we educate children, who inherited IQ can increases, especially during early childhood, with the right kind of stimulation and attention. The lead researcher goes to impoverished high schools and tries to remediate kids, which is a perfectly good thing to do. But it's often too late; the time to reach those kids is when they start school, while their intelligence is most malleable. Scientists measure the heritability of traits on a scale of 0.0 to 1.0. Eye color has a heritability score of .99, meaning that it's highly genetic. Intelligence typically rates at .8, which means that it, too, is very heritable. Through interactions and correlations with the environment, genetic influences can be expressed in wildly different ways, and environmental influences are much more powerful than many scientists believe. The researchers said the heritability of IQ can be as low as .3 in young children, which leaves plenty of room for changes in intelligence. But school systems often ignore this opportunity, they believe, focusing on increasing rote knowledge at the expense of critical thinking. Intervention programs then often fail to create lasting changes to children's environment. Consider children who take part in Head Start, the federal program that provides low-income children with comprehensive early childhood education, nutrition and parent-involvement services. The top researcher said those children's IQ scores increase significantly while they're part of the program, but frequently regress after they leave it, a common criticism of these programs.

SOURCE: HealthDay News, January 2018

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Wintry Weather !

                                                                    Carbon Monoxide Hazards Rise in Wintry Weather

Along with other hazards, winter storms bring with them an increased risk for illness and death from carbon monoxide poisoning. Carbon monoxide is a gas known as the silent killer because someone can't see, smell or tastes it. To reduce your risk for carbon monoxide exposure and poisoning, the lead researcher said it's important to maintain some regulations. Only use generators outside and keep them more than 20 feet from personal and neighbor's home, doors and or windows. Carbon monoxide gas from a generator can enter homes if the generator is too close. Clear snow from all heating and dryer vents. Be sure that gas appliances have adequate ventilation. If necessary, keep a window slightly open to allow airflow. Never use the stove to heat home. Never use generators, pressure washers, grills, camp stoves or other gasoline, propane, natural gas or charcoal-burning devices inside. This includes home, basement, garage, carport, camper, boat cabin or tent. Don't even use these devices outside near an open window or door. Install carbon monoxide detectors in home. Monitor the batteries and replace them if needed. If detectors are old or not working properly, replace them immediately. Don't idle a car in a closed garage. Don't idle a car in a snowbank, either. If car is stuck in the snow, clear the tailpipe and surrounding area to keep exhaust fumes from getting into the car.

SOURCE: HealthDay News, January 2018

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Teens & Smartphone !

All That Smartphone Time May Be Making Teens Unhappy

Teens who are glued to their smartphones and other devices are unhappier than those who spend less time on digital media, new research finds. The study can't prove cause-and-effect, so it's not clear if teens are made unhappy by spending a long time on their devices, or whether less happy teens are simply drawn to using them more. But whatever the relationship, the key to digital media use and happiness is limited use. Aim to spend no more than two hours a day on digital media, and try to increase the amount of time spend seeing friends face-to-face and exercising two activities reliably linked to greater happiness. One psychologist agreed that links between teen smartphone use and unhappiness are getting stronger. Although the findings from this study need to be replicated by other researchers, it's concerning that teens in recent years seem to be less well psychologically adjusted, and that smartphones may in part be responsible," said by lead researcher. In the new research, top researcher surveyed more than a million 8th-, 10th- and 12th-graders across the United States. The study asked kids how much time they spent on their phones, tablets and computers; the amount of time they spent in face-to-face socializing; and their happiness levels. On average, teens with higher levels of screen time were less happy than those who spent more time doing "non-screen" activities -- things such as sports, face-to-face time with others, and reading newspapers and magazines. Although this study can't show causation, several other studies have shown that more social media use leads to unhappiness, but unhappiness does not lead to more social media use. According to the research, the happiest teens in the study spent a little less than an hour a day scanning their smartphones, tablets or other devices. After that, levels of unhappiness tended to steadily increase with the amount of screen time. The researchers also found that since the 1990s, increasing availability of screen devices was associated with an overall decline in U.S. teens' happiness. Levels of life satisfaction, self-esteem and happiness among young people plummeted after 2012, the year that the percentage of Americans who owned a smartphone rose above 50 percent. By far the largest change in teens' lives between 2012 and 2016 was the increase in the amount of time they spent on digital media, and the subsequent decline in in-person social activities and sleep. The advent of the smartphone is the most plausible explanation for the sudden decrease in teens' psychological well-being. Parents should monitor and limit the screen time and online communication of their children, and encourage their children to socialize directly with peers and stay active with sports and exercise. Although this study does not prove causation, it does further raise alarms about too much screen time, and should serve as a reminder to parents to limit their children's time in front of technology, and encourage socialization and exercise.

SOURCE: HealthDay News, January 2018

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New Products of SQUARE Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

  Product Seclo MUPS 
  Generic Name Omeprazole
  Strength 20 mg
  Dosage form Tablet
  Therapeutic Category Antiulcerant
  Product EporenTM
Generic Name

Erythropoietin

Strength 2000 IU/0.2 ml
Dosage form PFS Injection
Therapeutic Category Antianemic
  Product EporenTM
Generic Name Erythropoietin
  Strength 3000 IU/0.3 ml
Dosage form PFS Injection
  Therapeutic Category Antianemic

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